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Saturday, July 25, 2020 | History

2 edition of caudate nucleus and neurochemical control of behaviour found in the catalog.

caudate nucleus and neurochemical control of behaviour

Alexander Rudolf Cools

caudate nucleus and neurochemical control of behaviour

the function of dopamine and serotonin in the caput nuclei caudati of cats

by Alexander Rudolf Cools

  • 103 Want to read
  • 36 Currently reading

Published by Drukkerij Brakkenstein in Nijmegen .
Written in English

    Subjects:
  • Caudate nucleus.,
  • Dopamine -- Physiological effect.,
  • Serotonin -- Physiological effect.,
  • Neuropsychopharmacology.,
  • Cats -- Physiology.

  • Edition Notes

    Statementdoor Alexander Rudolf Cools.
    Classifications
    LC ClassificationsQP383.9 .C66
    The Physical Object
    Pagination149 p. :
    Number of Pages149
    ID Numbers
    Open LibraryOL4950945M
    LC Control Number76379116

    We report that a low-calorie diet can lessen the severity of neurochemical deficits and motor dysfunction in a primate model of Parkinson's disease. Adult male rhesus monkeys were maintained for 6 months on a reduced-calorie diet [30% caloric restriction (CR)] or an ad libitum control diet after whi . These system impact behavior via control of attention, inhibition, working memory, cognitive flexibility, reasoning, problem solving, and planning. In humans, the prefrontal cortex, the caudate nucleus and the subthalamic nucleus are thought to play central roles in the inhibitory control of behavior.

    Caudate Nucleus Subject Areas on Research.   The caudate nuclei (there are two—one on each side of the brain) can be found below the cerebral cortex, situated next to the lateral the lateral ventricles, the caudate is a C-shaped structure with a thick anterior portion called the head, which becomes narrower as it extends towards the back of the middle portion of the caudate is .

      In order to conceptualize it, visualize the subcortical (under the cortex) area right at the connecting point between the caudate nucleus, the putamen, and the septum. One of the most significant aspects of the nucleus accumbens is its location, as it’s a part of a dopaminergic pathway of the brain. This is the so-called mesolimbic pathway.   In conjunction with the frontal lobe, the caudate nucleus (within the basal ganglia on Figure 1) has also been implicated as involved in the neurological basis of ADD, partly because of the resemblance of ADD to the spectrum of behaviors associated with dysfunction in the caudate-frontal axis, a system in the brain known to be important in motor regulation and .


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Caudate nucleus and neurochemical control of behaviour by Alexander Rudolf Cools Download PDF EPUB FB2

The caudate nucleus and neurochemical control of behaviour: the function of dopamine and serotonin in the caput nuclei caudati of cats Author: Alexander Rudolf Cools.

This chapter reviews pertinent aspects of swallowing physiology, and the neuroanatomy and patterns of swallowing impairments with different stroke locations. The facial motor nucleus and its associated nerve control the labial and facial muscles and participate in the oral and pharyngeal phases of by: 1.

The caudate nucleus and neurochemical control of behaviour: the function of dopamine and serotonin in the caput nuclei caudati of cats: Author(s): Cools, A.R.

Publication year: Publisher: Nijmegen: [s.n.] Number of Pages: xii, p. Cited by: The Caudate Nucleus in combination with the Putamen, Globus Palidus and Amygdala represent a collection of nuclei lying mainly beneath the anterior regions of the neocortex known as the Basal Ganglia [].The Basal Ganglia are a collection of deep nuclei of the Telencephalon that transmit information to and from motor areas of the cortex via the Thalamus that provide for the control.

CITATION: "The Caudate Nucleus Mediates Learning of Stimulus-Control State Associations," Yu-Chin Chiu, Jiefeng Jiang and Tobias Egner. The Journal of Neuroscience, DOI: # /JNEUROSCI   Electrical Stimulation is a traditional tool in neuroscience and is commonly used in vivo to evoke behavior and in vitro to study neural mechanisms.

Kimberly A. Stigler, Christopher J. McDougle, in The Neuroscience of Autism Spectrum Disorders, Caudate Nucleus. The caudate nucleus, a part of the basal ganglia that subserve executive function, is believed to play a role in stereotyped and repetitive behaviors (Turner et al., ).Research on children and adults with autism found increased caudate nucleus volume.

The caudate nucleus is associated with what psychologists call “motivation and goal-oriented behavior,” or “the rewards system.” To many of these experts, the fact that love fires there suggests that love isn’t so much an emotion in its own right—although aspects of it are obviously highly emotional—as it is a “goal-oriented motivational state.” (If that term seems confusing.

The caudate nucleus is primarily concerned with cognition. It functions in learning, language control, regulation of the cerebral cortex threshold, and affection for loved ones.

Obsessive compulsive disorder can result from caudate nucleus dysfunction and disease. Atrophy of the caudate nucleus contributes to Huntington’s disease.

The caudate nucleus and neurochemical control of behaviour: the function of dopamine and serotonin in the caput nuclei caudati of cats By A.R. Cools Publisher: Nijmegen: [s.n.]. Author(s): Cools,Alexander Rudolf, Title(s): The caudate nucleus and neurochemical control of behaviour: the function of dopamine and serotonin in the caput nuclei caudati of cats/ door Alexander Rudolf Cools.

Country of Publication: Netherlands Publisher: [Nijmegen?: s.n.], Description: xii, p.: ill. Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is characterized by deficits in social communication and repetitive behavior, and the etiology of ASD is complex and heterogeneous [].The basal ganglia circuits are engaged in motor control, including action selection and reinforcement learning [].The caudate nucleus and putamen of dorsal striatum in basal ganglia comprise two neurochemical.

matrix of the caudate nucleus in control brains (Fig. 1d, e). Consistent with the decrease in PDYN-positive strio-somes, the percentage of the area taken by calbindin-poor striosomes was reduced by 54% in ASD caudate nucleus compared to control brains (Fig.

1d, d’,e,e’, h). In con-trast, the area of the calbindin-rich matrix compartment was. Subcortical connectivity of the caudate nucleus. The different portions of the caudate nucleus, via their projections to the globus pallidus and substantia nigra pars reticulata, control the activity of neurons in the ventral anterior and mediodorsal nuclei of the thalamus that project to the prefrontal cortex.

The caudate nucleus and neurochemical control of behaviour: the function of dopamine and serotonin in the caput nuclei caudati of cats. By A.R. Cools. Get PDF (9 MB) Abstract. Contains fulltext: (publisher's version) (Open Access)Promotores: J. van Rossum en J.

Vossenxii, p. The caudate nucleus plays a vital role in how the brain learns, specifically the storing and processing of memories. It works as a feedback processor, which means it uses information from past. Aversive Pavlovian conditioned stimuli modulated connectivity between the ventromedial prefrontal cortex and the caudate nucleus.

These results show that action-specific aversive control of instrumental behavior involves the modulation of fronto-striatal interactions by Pavlovian conditioned stimuli. To determine if behavioral and neurochemical sensitization results from cocaine self-administration, rats were trained to self-administer cocaine for 20 consecutive days ( ± mg/kg, IV/day).

At 24 h or 21 days after discontinuing cocaine self-administration or yoked saline control, rats were administered an acute injection of saline IP, followed 60 min later by. Neural structures involved in the initiation of motor movement and emotion, which includes the caudate nucleus, putamen, and the "substantia nigra".

Caudate nucleus A component of the basal ganglia involved with the control and initiation of motor movement - an area of the brain affected by Huntington's disease, which is located adjacent to the.

This extensive connectivity explains the profound impairment in multiple cognitive and behavioral domains resulting from lesions of the caudate nucleus in humans,16 The following 2 representative cases illustrate the profound consequences of caudate lesions in cognition and behavior and the associated widespread changes in frontal lobe.

The caudate nucleus is one of the structures that make up the dorsal striatum, which is a component of the basal ganglia. It plays important roles in various other nonmotor functions as well, including procedural learning, and inhibitory control of action.The caudate nucleus and neurochemical control of behaviour: ().

Pagina-navigatie: Main; Save publication. Save as MODS; Export to Mendeley; Save as EndNote; Export to RefWorks; Title: The caudate nucleus and neurochemical control of behaviour: the function of dopamine and serotonin in the caput nuclei caudati of cats: Author: Cools, A.R.Differential abnormalities of the head and body of the caudate nucleus in attention deficit-hyperactivity disorder Virginia Tremolsa,b, Anna Bielsac, Joan-Carles Solivaa, Carol Rahebc, Susanna Carmonaa, Josep Tomasc, Joan-Domingo Gispertg, Mariana Rovirad, Jordi Fauquete, Adolf Tobeñaa, Antoni Bulbenaf, Oscar Vilarroyaa,⁎ aUnitat de Recerca en Neurociencia .